Category: Grammar

I am busy

I am / was busy + (verb-ing) When you are busy you have much to do. The structure I was busy is followed by an –ing form. It is used to talk about activities...

Would rather

I’d rather + (verb) This structure is used to suggest that you would like to do one thing more than another. In informal speech I would is pronounced as I’d. You can learn more about...

I can’t help doing

I can’t help + (verb-ing) If you say that you can’t help doing something, you mean that you can’t stop yourself from doing it. To refer to the past tense, use ‘couldn’t help’.  I...

The past perfect tense overview

The past perfect tense is used to talk about the earlier of two past events. Form: Subject + had + past participle form of the verb I had finished dinner before dad came home....

Past continuous tense overview

The past continuous tense is used to talk about actions or events that were going on around a particular point of time in the past. What were you doing at 4 o’clock yesterday afternoon?...

Simple past tense overview

To say that something happened some time ago, we use the simple past tense. If you are already familiar with the three forms of the verb (base form, simple past and past participle), you...

Present perfect continuous tense overview

The present perfect continuous tense is used to talk about actions and situations that started in the past and have continued up to the present. Form: Subject + has / have + been +...

Question tags

Question tags are the small questions that often come at the end of sentences in speech. They are used to check whether something is true. Question tags can also be used to ask for...

Short questions

Sometimes we answer a statement by asking for more information. Questions of this kind have a very simple structure. Study the following examples. ‘Rani is quitting her job.’ ‘Why?’ (More natural than ‘Why is...