There are mainly four types of sentences in English.
- Declarative sentences
- Interrogative sentences
- Exclamatory sentences
- Imperative sentences
A declarative sentence is a statement. It can be an affirmative statement or a negative statement. A declarative sentence tells us something.
- I want to be a doctor.
- She is not interested in politics.
- He was here ten minutes ago.
- She could not pass the test.
A declarative sentence always ends with a full stop.
An interrogative sentence asks a question.
- Will you help me?
- Where are you going?
- Who put the cat in?
- Why did you shout at me?
An interrogative sentence always ends with a question mark (?).
Exclamatory sentences show strong feelings, emotions or excitement.
- Bravo! We have won!
- Alas! She is gone!
Exclamatory sentences always end with an exclamation mark (!)
We use imperative sentences to give orders or commands or to make requests. Imperative sentences do not normally have an expressed subject.
- Come here. (Here the subject ‘you’ is understood but not mentioned.)
- Put it there.
- Get out.
- Please keep quiet.
Imperative sentences usually end with a full stop.
Read the following sentences and identify their kind.
1. I have two pet dogs.
2. Have you finished the report?
3. Where have you been all this while?
4. It hasn’t stopped raining since yesterday.
5. She leaned out of the window.
6. Listen to me.
7. Don’t make a noise.
8. Ouch! I have cut my chin!
9. We must not tolerate injustice.
10. Open the box.
1. I have two pet dogs. (Declarative)
2. Have you finished the report? (Interrogative)
3. Where have you been all this while? (Interrogative)
4. It hasn’t stopped raining since yesterday. (Declarative)
5. She leaned out of the window. (Declarative)
6. Listen to me. (Imperative)
7. Don’t make a noise. (Imperative)
8. Ouch! I have cut my chin! (Exclamatory)
9. We must not tolerate injustice. (Declarative)
10. Open the box. (Imperative)