Kinds of sentences | Worksheet for class 5

Read the following sentence.

  • I am a teacher.

The group of words given above makes complete sense and hence it is a sentence.

A sentence is a group of words that makes complete sense. It begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop, question mark or exclamation mark.

There are mainly four types of sentences.

  1. Declarative or assertive sentence
  2. Interrogative sentence
  3. Exclamatory sentence
  4. Imperative sentence

Declarative sentence

A sentence that says or states something is called a declarative or an assertive sentence.

Examples are given below.

  • My brother works in a factory.
  • I have a sister.
  • Susie is an architect.
  • My mother makes delicious pizza.

Interrogative sentences

Sentences that ask for information are called interrogative sentences. They end with a question mark.

Examples are given below.

  • Who told you this?
  • Have you watched that movie?
  • Who are you looking for?

Imperative sentence

A sentence which expresses an idea such as an order, a command or a request is an imperative sentence. Examples are given below.

  • Come here.
  • Sit down.
  • Help me.

Exclamatory sentence

A sentence which expresses a strong and sudden feeling is an exclamatory sentence. An exclamatory sentence ends with an exclamation mark.

Examples are given below.

  • What a terrible experience!
  • How sad!

Worksheet

Against each sentence given below, write whether it is declarative, exclamatory, imperative or interrogatory.

1. Give me my money back.

2. I will probably be late tonight.

3. What a great opportunity!

4. I don’t have his address.

5. Do as I tell you.

6. Wait till you hear from me.

7. Can I borrow your pen, please?

8. When is he coming from Bangalore?

9. I don’t have his address.

10. May God bless you!

Answers

1. Give me my money back. (Imperative)

2. I will probably be late tonight. (Declarative)

3. What a great opportunity! (Exclamatory)

4. I don’t have his address. (Declarative)

5. Do as I tell you. (Imperative)

6. Wait till you hear from me. (Imperative)

7. Can I borrow your pen, please? (Interrogative)

8. When is he coming from Bangalore? (Interrogative)

9. I don’t have his address. (Declarative)

10. May God bless you! (Exclamatory)

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