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The term comparative refers to that form of an adjective or an adverb which is constructed either with –er or with more and which serves to express a higher degree of the quality denoted by the base word.

Examples are: bigger from big, worse from bad, more beautiful from beautiful and more carefully from carefully.

  • She is taller than her husband.
  • Russian is more difficult than Spanish.

English also has a comparative of inferiority, constructed with less, as in less interesting.

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