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Adjective Clauses

Filed in English Grammar

Adjective clauses function as adjectives. They describe nouns and pronouns. Most adjective clauses start with the pronouns who, whom, which, that, whose, when, or where. Other pronouns like whoever, whatever, whomever, whichever, what and why can also start an adjective clause. Adjective clauses that begin with one of the relative pronouns are also called relative clauses.

Examples are:

We set out for the next town where we had planned to stay the night. (The adjective clause ‘where we had planned to stay the night’ describes the noun ‘town’.)

The boy who stole the watch was caught. (The adjective clause ‘who stole the watch’ describes the noun ‘boy’.)

This is a fine opportunity which should not be lost. (The adjective clause ‘which should not be lost’ describes the noun ‘opportunity’.)

I found a quiet place where we can meet. (The adjective clause ‘where we can meet’ describes the noun ‘place.’)

Here is the book that you were looking for. (The adjective clause ‘that you were looking for’ describes the noun ‘book’.)

Have you ever spoken to the people who live next door? (The adjective clause ‘who live next door’ describes the noun ‘people’.)

Sections in this article

Adjective clauses
Relative clauses
Relative pronouns
Identifying relative clauses
Omission of relative pronouns

See Also
Adverb clauses
Noun clauses
Synthesis of sentences
Transformation of sentences


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