Have: Structures

Posted by Manjusha. Filed in English Grammar

Have + object

The structure have + object is often used to talk about actions and experiences.

In these expressions, have is used in the sense of 'eat', 'drink', 'enjoy', 'experience' etc. Common expressions are:

Points to be noted

In this structure, we make questions and negatives with do.

Progressive forms are possible.

Have Got

Have got means exactly the same as have in most cases.

Do is not used in questions and negatives with got.

Note that got forms of have are not common in the past tense.

Progressive forms of have are not normally possible with this meaning.

Have + object + infinitive/participle

Have can be followed by object + infinitive (without to), object + -ing and object + past participle.

Have + object + infinitive/-ing

In this structure have often means 'experience'.

Another meaning is 'cause somebody or something to do something'.

Points to be noted

After have + object, we use an infinitive without to.

Here the infinitive suggests a completed action; -ing form suggests continuity.

Have + Object + Past Participle

This structure is used to talk about arranging for things to be done by others. The past participle has a passive meaning.

Another meaning is 'experience'.

Have to, have got to

Have (got) to is often used to talk about obligation. The meaning is similar to must.

Points to be noted

1. Had to is used to talk about obligation that existed in the past.

2. In this structure have can be used like an ordinary verb (with do in questions and negatives), or like an auxiliary verb (without do).

Sections in this article

Indirect questions New!
Absolute adjectives New!
Shall and Will: What to use? New!
Parallel construction New!
Two-word verbs
Negative questions
Double Negatives
Correct use of the present perfect tense
Correct use of the present perfect continuous tense