Joining two or more simple sentences into a single compound sentence

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A compound sentence contains two or more independent clauses connected by a coordinating conjunction.

There are mainly four types of coordinating conjunctions: cumulative, adversative, alternative and illative.

Cumulative conjunction

The cumulative conjunction merely adds one statement with the other or one coordinate clause with another coordinate clause. Examples are: and, as well as, not only ... but also

Study the example given below.

We can combine these two simple sentences into a single compound sentence.

Another example is given below.

We can combine these two sentences into one.

Adversative conjunction

An adversative conjunction joins two clauses that express contrasting ideas. Examples are: but, yet, nevertheless and however.

Read the two clauses given below.

The two sentences given above express contrasting ideas because when it is raining, people are more likely to cancel events like matches and exhibitions. However, in this case the organizers decide to hold the exhibition.

These two clauses can be combined using an adversative conjunction.

The conjunctions nevertheless and however do not connect the two clauses in the strict sense of the term. Note that the clauses are still separated by a semicolon.

It is also possible to separate the clauses with a full stop. In this case, the words nevertheless and however merely act as transitional adverbs.

These clauses also express contrasting ideas. We can combine them using an adversative conjunction.

Alternative conjunction

An alternative conjunction is used to suggest that only one possibility can be realized. Examples are: or, either...or. Some alternative conjunctions are used to connect two negative ideas. Example: neither...nor

The sentences given above discuss two possibilities of which only one can be realized.

Note that words for repeated ideas can be left out in the second of two coordinate clauses.

The conjunction neither...nor is used to join two negative ideas.

Sections in this article

CBSE class ten English grammar - sentence completion exercise 1
CBSE class ten English grammar - sentence completion exercise 2

Pronouns New!
Personal pronouns New!
Possessive pronouns New!
Reflexive pronouns New!
Uses of It New!
Pronouns Exercise New!
It as a preparatory subject
It as a preparatory object