Relative pronouns

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Who, which and that can be the subjects of the verbs in relative clauses. Who refers to people and which to things; that can refer to both people and things.

Who, whom, which and that can also be used as the objects of verbs in relative clauses. Who is informal as an object; in a more formal style whom is used.

Relative pronouns as conjunctions

Relative pronouns serve two purposes: they act as subjects or objects inside their relative clauses, and at the same time they connect relative clauses to nouns or pronouns in other clauses - rather like conjunctions.

See also

Adjective clauses
Relative clauses
Relative pronouns
Identifying relative clauses
Omission of relative pronouns
Adverb clauses
Noun clauses
Synthesis of sentences
Transformation of sentences
The adverb too