Direct and indirect speech: Reporting questions

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In reported questions the subject normally comes before the verb. It is not necessary to use do or did. Question marks are not used in reported questions.

Yes/No questions are reported with if/whether.

We do not normally use say or tell in reported questions.

Wh-questions are reported by using ask (or another verb like ask) + question word + clause. We use normal word order.

When we report questions constructed with who/what/which + be + complement, be can be put before or after the complement.

See also

Direct and indirect speech
Rules for the change of pronouns
Reporting verb
Rules for the change of tenses
Rules for the change of adverbs
Reporting hopes, intentions and promises
Reporting orders, requests and advice
Reporting questions
Reporting questions: grammar exercise
Reported speech exercise
Reporting Yes/No questions