East, eastern, south, southern etc.

Posted by Manjusha Filed in Practical English Usage

We prefer eastern, southern etc when we are talking about rather indefinite areas, and east, south etc. for more clearly defined places.

Capital letters are used at the beginning of East, Eastern, South, Southern etc when these come in official or well-established place names.

In other cases, adjectives and nouns normally begin with small letters.

In place names, the use of East, Eastern, North, Northern etc is often just a matter of custom, with no real reason for the difference.

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See also

Near
Nearest and next
Negative forms
Neither
Neither, nor and not either
No, none and not a/any
No matter
North, northern, south, southern
not only ... but also...
Using not only...but also

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