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Verbs commonly confused
Fall and fell
Fall is an irregular intransitive verb. Its past tense and past participle forms are: fell and fallen.
Fall / fell / fallen
Be careful; otherwise you will fall off the ladder.
Fell is a regular transitive verb. It means ‘chop down a tree’. The past and past participle forms of fell are: felled and felled.
Fell / felled / felled
The woodcutter felled the tree.
Find and found
Find means ‘get back something lost’.
Find / found / found
I searched everywhere but couldn’t find my keys.
Found means ‘start up an organization or institution’. It is a regular verb and forms its past and past participle forms by adding –ed to the base form.
Found / founded / founded
The college was founded in 1916.
Flow and fly
Flow (of a liquid) = move
Flow / flowed / flowed
Blood flowed from the wound.
Fly means ‘move in the air’. Its past and past participle forms are flew and flown.
Fly / flew / flown
Birds fly in the sky.
Raise and rise
Raise means ‘put up’, ‘make something larger or greater’ and similar ideas.
Raise is regular. Its past and past participle forms are: raised and raised.
Raise / raised / raised
She raised her hand.
Raise can also mean ‘bring up’. With this meaning it is usually used in the passive.
He was raised by his grandmother. (= He was brought up by his grandmother.)
Rise means ‘get up’ or ‘stand up’.
Past and past participle forms of rise are: rose and risen.
Rise / rose / risen
He rose from his seat.
Strike and stroke
Strike means ‘hit’.
Strike / struck / struck
The car struck a tree.
Stroke means ‘pass the hand gently over’.
Stroke is a regular verb and form the past and past participle forms by adding –ed to the base form.
Stroke / stroked / stroked
Wind and wound
Wind means ‘turn, tighten a spring etc'.
Past and participle forms are: wound and wound
The river winds through the valley.
Wound means ‘injure in a battle’. Wound is a regular verb and forms its past and past participle forms by adding –ed to the base form.
Wound / wounded / wounded
He was wounded in the battle.
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Last updated on May 24, 2008|
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