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Practical English Usage
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British and American English
Differences in usage
Both and both of
Before a noun with a determiner (e.g. the, this, my), both and both of are both possible in British English. In American English, both of is usual.
In after negatives and superlatives
After negatives and superlatives, in can be used to talk about duration. This is especially common in American English.
In British English, in is not normally used with this meaning.
In British English, I shanít is sometimes used in refusals. This is very unusual in American English.
Questions with shall I/we are used (especially in British English) to ask for instructions or decisions, to offer services and to make suggestions. This is not common in American English.
We often use will in threats and promises. Shall is also possible in British English, especially after I and we. In American English, shall is not used in threats and promises.
Have (got) + infinitive
Have (got) + infinitive can be used, like must, to express certainty. This is mainly an American English structure, but it is now becoming more common in British English.
Would and should
After I and we, should can be used in British English with the same meaning as would.
Conditional would is sometimes used in both clauses of an if-sentence. This is common in spoken American English.
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