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Some useful spelling rules

Posted by Manjusha Filed in English Writing

1. When we add the suffix -ful to a word ending in -ll, the second -l is usually dropped.

  • Skill + ful = skilful
  • Will + full = willful

2. Words ending in silent -e drop the -e before a suffix beginning with a vowel (e.g. -ing, -ed, -er).

  • Drive + er = driver
  • Love + ed = loved
  • Live + ing = living
  • Hope + ing = hoping

3. Words ending in silent -e retain the -e before a suffix beginning with a consonant (e.g. -ful, -ness, -ment, -ly).

  • Hope + ful = hopeful
  • Engage + ment = engagement

There are, however, a few exceptions to this rule.

  • True + ly = truly, (not truely)
  • Whole + ly = wholly
  • Due + ly = duly
  • Awe + ful = awful

4. When we add the suffixes -able and -ous to words ending in -ce and -ge, the -e is kept.

  • Change + able = changeable
  • Notice + able = noticeable
  • Courage + ous = courageous

5. Words ending in -ee do not drop the final -e before a suffix.

  • See + ing = seeing
  • Agree + ment = agreement

6. Words ending in -ie change the -ie to -y when the suffix, -ing is added to it.

  • Die + ing = dying
  • Tie+ ing = tying
  • Lie + ing = lying

7. A word ending in a consonant + y, change the -y to -I when a suffix, other than -ing, is added to it.

  • Happy + ness = happiness
  • Beauty + ful = beautiful
  • Carry + ed + carried

8. When we add the suffix - ing to a word ending in a consonant + y, the -y is retained.

  • Carry + ing = carrying
  • Marry + ing = marrying

9. A one - syllable word ending in a vowel + consonant will double the consonant before a suffix beginning with a vowel.

  • Run + ing = running
  • Rob + er = robber
  • Cut + ing = cutting
  • Beg + ed = begged
  • Sad + est = saddest

10. A one - syllable word ending in two consonants or two vowels + one consonant will not double the consonant before a suffix beginning with a vowel.

  • Fear + ing = fearing
  • Wish + ed = wished
Notes

Syllable is a unit of pronunciation having one vowel sound. A word may contain one or more syllables. Put, for instance, has only one vowel sound and hence only one syllable. Butter has two syllables.

Suffix is an addition to the end of a word. Examples are: -ness in happiness, -ly in slowly, -ment in engagement and -ing in crying.

Prefix is an addition to the beginning of a word. Examples are: a in abed, aboard and awake, be in beside and become.

 

See also

How to write dates?
Use of Capital letters
Contractions
Some useful spelling rules
Paragraph writing
Formal and informal speech and writing
Newspaper headlines grammar
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Italicization rules
Letter writing
Essay writing
Numbers
Email writing tips
Resume writing
Cover-letter writing
Personal letter writing tips
Thank you notes
Condolence letter writing tips
TOEFL writing tips New!

 

 

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