Practical English Usage
English grammar and vocabulary exercises
Transitional adverbs or transitions are words and phrases writers and speakers use to move from one sentence to the next. Using transitions properly is essential to indicate the rhetorical structure of your writing. Transitions make it easier for your readers to follow your arguments and explanation.
Here is a list of some of the most common transitional adverbs in English.
First, firstly, second, secondly, third, next, then, finally, lastly etc.
These transitional adverbs are used to show the order of ideas or facts. They may also indicate sequence.
Note that firstly, secondly etc., are more formal than first, second etc.
Also, too, in addition, furthermore, moreover etc.
These are mainly used to add information.
However, on the other hand, but, yet, though, nevertheless, in contrast etc.
These expressions are used to show contrast or to make a concession.
Some grammarians insist that however cannot be used to begin a sentence, but this rule has been ignored by many great writers.
For example, to illustrate, for instance
These expressions are used to introduce examples.
That is, in other words
These expressions are used to explain or elaborate on an idea.
In fact, indeed, as a matter of fact
These expressions are used to emphasize an idea or add a surprising anecdote.
Sections in this articleHow to vary and improve your sentences - part I
How to vary and improve your sentences - part II
Cardinal and ordinal numbers
Fractions and decimals
Numbers: differences between American and British usage
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