Sentence completion | CBSE Class X grammar worksheets with explanations

Complete the following sentences.

Question 1

The railway’s decision to increase fare to establish emergency medical rooms at stations across the country …………………. flak from various organizations.

a) drew

b) draws

c) has drawn

d) is drawn

e) is drawing

Answer: c) has drawn

Explanations

Option a) draws

The simple past tense is possible here but the present perfect tense is the most normal tense for giving news of recent events.

Option b) draws

The simple present tense is used to talk about facts – actions and situations that are always true.

Option c) has drawn

The present perfect tense is the most normal tense for giving news of recent events.

Option d) is drawn

Is drawn is the passive form of the active verb draw/draws. It is not possible here.

Option e) is drawing

The present continuous tense is used to talk about ongoing actions and situations.

Question 2

Mumbai Port Trust’s plan to set up a floating hotel and restaurant near the coastlines of South Mumbai …………………. by the high rentals in the area.

a) has hit

b) has been hit

c) is being hit

d) have been hit

e) had hit

Answer: Option b) has been hit

Explanation

Option a) has hit

‘Has hit’ is in the active voice. Here the preposition ‘by’ clearly indicates that a passive verb is required.

Option b) has been hit

This is the correct answer. The high rentals in the area have hit Mumbai Port Trust’s decision to setup a hotel. When we convert that idea into the passive voice, we use the verb ‘has been hit’.

Option c) is being hit

This is the passive form of the active verb ‘is/are hitting’. It is not possible here because we are not talking about an ongoing situation.

Option d) have been hit

The word ‘plan’ is a singular noun and hence have is not possible here.

Option e) had hit

‘Had hit’ is in the active voice. We require a passive verb here.

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