Complete the following sentences.
The railway’s decision to increase fare to establish emergency medical rooms at stations across the country …………………. flak from various organizations.
c) has drawn
d) is drawn
e) is drawing
Answer: c) has drawn
Option a) draws
The simple past tense is possible here but the present perfect tense is the most normal tense for giving news of recent events.
Option b) draws
The simple present tense is used to talk about facts – actions and situations that are always true.
Option c) has drawn
The present perfect tense is the most normal tense for giving news of recent events.
Option d) is drawn
Is drawn is the passive form of the active verb draw/draws. It is not possible here.
Option e) is drawing
The present continuous tense is used to talk about ongoing actions and situations.
Mumbai Port Trust’s plan to set up a floating hotel and restaurant near the coastlines of South Mumbai …………………. by the high rentals in the area.
a) has hit
b) has been hit
c) is being hit
d) have been hit
e) had hit
Answer: Option b) has been hit
Option a) has hit
‘Has hit’ is in the active voice. Here the preposition ‘by’ clearly indicates that a passive verb is required.
Option b) has been hit
This is the correct answer. The high rentals in the area have hit Mumbai Port Trust’s decision to setup a hotel. When we convert that idea into the passive voice, we use the verb ‘has been hit’.
Option c) is being hit
This is the passive form of the active verb ‘is/are hitting’. It is not possible here because we are not talking about an ongoing situation.
Option d) have been hit
The word ‘plan’ is a singular noun and hence have is not possible here.
Option e) had hit
‘Had hit’ is in the active voice. We require a passive verb here.