Read the following sentences.
Tokyo is a big city.
She is a beautiful girl.
We need some rice.
This boy studies in my school.
It was a wonderful experience.
You will probably have noticed that the words in bold type are used to describe nouns. These are adjectives. An adjective is a word used to say something about a noun.
Kinds of adjectives
There are different kinds of adjectives:
1) Adjectives of quality
2) Adjectives of quantity
3) Adjectives of number
4) Distributive adjectives
5) Demonstrative adjectives
6) Interrogative adjectives
7) Possessive adjectives
Adjectives of Quality
Adjectives of quality describe the kind, quality or characteristic of a person, animal, place or thing.
He is a clever boy.
She is a brilliant student.
He is an honest man.
The fish tasted awful.
The night grew dark.
The milk turned sour.
I met an old beggar.
The young woman had attractive looks.
Adjectives formed from proper nouns are also called adjectives of quality. Examples are: Persian carpets, Indian flag, British parliament etc.
Adjectives of Quantity
Adjectives of quantity describe how much of a thing is meant. Examples are: some, any, little, enough, all, much etc.
We need some rice.
He drank all the milk.
Is there any milk in the bottle?
Adjectives of Number
Adjectives of number indicate how many persons or things are meant. Examples are: few, many, several, two, five, second, fifth etc.
Two girls came.
She is the first woman to climb Mt. Everest.
He has written many books.
Each, every, either and neither are called distributive adjectives.
She had a child hanging onto each hand.
I have invited every friend I have.
This, that, these and those are called demonstrative adjectives.
Bring me that chair.
Who is this girl?
Those mangoes are all ripe.
Interrogative adjectives are used with nouns to ask questions. Examples are: which, what, whose etc.
Which shirt shall I buy?
Whose son is he?
Possessive adjectives indicate possession. Examples are: my, his, her, our, their, your and its.
He is my father.
She is our teacher.
Is this your bag?
A list of words is given below. Find out which among them are adjectives.
Clever, hot, cried, pleasant, brightly, efficiently, attractive, often, honesty, brilliance, efficiency, stopped, acted, smooth, quality, brave
Clever, hot, pleasant, attractive, smooth, brave
Formation of Adjectives
Adjectives can be formed from nouns. For example, the adjective foolish is formed from the noun fool. Similarly the adjective courageous is formed from the noun courage.
More examples are given below.
Boy (noun): boyish (adjective)
Some adjectives are formed from verbs.
Talk (verb): talkative (adjective)
Move (verb): movable (adjective)
Adjectives can also be formed from other adjectives.
Black (adjective): blackish (adjective)
White (adjective): whitish (adjective)
Sick (adjective): sickly (adjective)