The mixed conditional

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There are two types of mixed conditional sentences. One of them states the present result of a past condition and the other state the past result of a present or continuing condition.

Present result of a past condition

Here we use a past perfect in the if-clause and would + infinitive in the main clause.

In these sentences the time is past in the If-clause and present in the main clause. They refer to an unreal past condition and its probable result in the present.

Past result of a present or continuing condition

Here we use a simple past in the If clause and would have + past participle in the main clause.

They refer to an unreal present situation and its probable (but unreal) past result.

Sections in this article

Introduction To If Clauses
The Zero Conditional
The Type One Conditional
Type One Conditional- Alternate Forms
The Type Two Conditional
Type Two Conditional- Alternate Forms
The Type Three Conditional
Type Three Conditional-Alternate Forms
Mixed Conditional