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Gerund phrases

Posted by Manjusha. Filed in English Grammar

A gerund is a form of a verb used as a noun. Gerunds always end in
-ing. They always act as nouns. Gerunds can function as subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, objects of a preposition, predicate nominatives, and appositives. Here are some examples of gerunds:

  • Trespassing is prohibited. (The gerund ‘trespassing’ is the subject.)
  • I love driving a fast car. (The gerund ‘driving’ is the object of the verb ‘love’.)
  • His crime, stealing a policeman’s helmet, was considered serious. (The gerund ‘stealing’ is an appositive in this sentence.)

Like a participle, a gerund can be part of a phrase. Don't confuse gerunds and present participles, because both end in -ing. A gerund functions only as a noun, while a participle functions only as an adjective.

  • Collecting stamps is a hobby of his.
  • I hate the idea of getting old.
  • The thought of failing never entered his head.
  • Our object, collecting a million dollars for the project, cannot be easily fulfilled.

Sections in this article

Phrases
Prepositional phrases
Appositives
Verbal phrases
Participle phrases
Infinitive phrases
Gerund phrases

See Also
Adjective clauses
Noun clauses
-ing Forms

 

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