Practical English Usage
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Kinds of Adjectives
Posted by Manjusha. Filed in English Grammar
Adjectives are describing words. They tell us about the colour, size, shape, nature, quality or condition of a noun. Examples are: blue, green, round, square, good, old, tall, brave, beautiful, tired, happy, exhausted etc.
Sections in this articleAdjective of quantity
An adjective usually describes a noun and denotes a temporary or permanent quality associated with that noun.
For example, an intelligent boy is a boy who is distinguished from other boys by being permanently intelligent. A square table is a table that is distinguished from other tables by being square in shape. A brave soldier is a soldier who is distinguished from other soldiers by being brave.
Adjectives can answer the question 'What kind?' (round tables; big city), 'How much?' (some rice, little effort) 'Which one?' (red shirt, second wife), and 'How many?' (two boys, ten books).
Kinds of adjectives
There are different kinds of adjectives.
Adjectives of quantity
An adjective of quantity answers the question how much. Examples are: some, little, much, enough, sufficient, insufficient, all, whole, great, any etc.
Adjectives of number or numeral adjectives
They answer the question 'how many?' Numeral adjectives are of three kinds:
1. Definite numeral adjectives (e.g. one, two, three, first, second, third etc.)
Examples are: his, her, its, my, our, their, and your.
A demonstrative adjective may look like a demonstrative pronoun, but it is used differently in the sentence.
There are four distributive adjectives in English: each, every, either and neither. Distributive adjectives are used with singular nouns. The following verb is usually singular, but can be plural in a very formal style.
The interrogative adjectives are used with nouns to ask questions. Examples are what, which and whose.
An interrogative adjective may look like an interrogative pronoun, but it is used differently in the sentence: it is an adjective, used to modify a noun or pronoun.
An indefinite adjective may look like an indefinite pronoun, but it is used differently in the sentence: it is an adjective, used to modify a noun or pronoun.
What are adjectives
Adjectives placed before nouns
Adjectives placed after verbs
Adjectives without Nouns
Adjectives: order before nouns
Kinds of Adjectives
Adjectives with and
Adjectives - definition
ExercisesAdjective or adverb exercise
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